Sabtu, 06 April 2013

Active dan Passive Voice



Active Voice
Active Voice atau sering disebut sebagai kalimat aktif ialah kalimat yang subyeknya sedang melakukan suatu pekerjaan. Atau kejadiannya terjadi secara langsung.
Passive Voice atau disebut juga kalimat pasif ialah kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai suatu pekerjaan. Atau kejadiannya terjadi secara tidak langsung.
Rumus dari Passive Voice :
S + Auxiliary Verb + Past Participle
Catatan :
Ø  Auxiliary verb dapat berupa be (is, are, am, was, were) maupun kombinasi antara dua primary auxiliary (is/are being, was/were being, has/have been) maupun antara primary dengan modal (will be, will have been).
Ø  Kombinasi auxiliary digunakan pada bentuk pasif pada tenses. Penjelasan lebih lengkap dapat dilihat di Bentuk Pasif pada Tenses, Infinitive, dan Gerund.
Ø  Past participle yang digunakan berupa kata kerja transitive (memiliki direct object).
Example :
            billy can’t drive a car. (active voice, transitive), He always come on time. (active voice, intransitive)
Example :
            Sit (Simple Form) ‒› Sat (Past Participle), Sleep (Simple Form) ‒› Slept (Past Participle)



Adapun Rumus sebagai berikut :
Tenses
Active
Passive
Simple Present
S + V1 + O
S + to be (am, is, are) + V3
Simple Past
S + V2 + O
S + to be ( was/were) + V3
Present Continous
S + To Be (Am, Is, Are) + V ing + O
S + to be (am, is, are) + being + V3
Past Continous
S + To Be (Was/ Were) + V ing + O
S + to be (was/were) + being + V3
Present Perfect
S + Have/Has + V3
S + have/has + been + V3
Past Perfect
S + Had + V3
S + had + been + V3
Present Future
S + Will/ Shall + V1
S + will + be +V3
Past Future
S + Would/Should + V1
S + would/should + be +V3
Present Perfect Continous
S + Have/Has + Been + Ving
S + have/has + been + being +V3
Past Perfect Continous
S + Had + Been + Ving
S + had + been + being + V3
Present Future Perfect
S + Will + Have/Has + V3
S + will + have/has + been + V3
Past Future Perfect
S + Would + Have/Has + V3
S + would + have/has + been
+ V3
Present Future Continous
S + Will + Be + Ving
S + will + be + being + V3
Past Future Continous
S + Would + Be + Ving
S + would + be + being + V3

Tenses
Active
Passive
Simple Present
Hendry helps Mina
Mina is helped by Hendry
Simple Past
Andi met them yesterday
They were met by Andi yesterday
Present Continous
I am reading a story
A story is being read by me
Past Continous
She was writing a novel
A novel was being written by her
Present Perfect
Rina has watered this plant for 5 minutes
This plant has been watered by Rina for 5 minutes.
Past Perfect
Nina had met them before I came.
They had been met by Nina before I came
Present Future
He will meet them tomorrow
They will be met by him tomorrow
Past Future
Taylor should forget the tragedy
The tragedy should be forgotten by Taylor
Present Perfect Continous
Jacob have been meeting with Bella
Bella have been being met with Jacob
Past Perfect Continous
Ila had been bicycle
The bicycle had been being played by Ila
Present Future Perfect
They will have finished the projects before then
The projects will have been finished before then
Past Future Perfect
She would be watering this plant
This plant would be being watered by her
Present Future Continous
He will be meeting them
They will be being met by him
Past Future Continous
He would be meeting them
They would be being met by him



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SABTU, 6 APRIL 2013
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